Assam is a northeastern state of India with its capital at Dispur. Located just below the eastern Himalayan foothills, it is surrounded by the other northeastern states: Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura and Meghalaya. Assam and its commercial capital Guwahati form the gateway to the northeastern states, together called the seven sisters. These states are connected to the rest of India via Assam's border with West Bengal and a narrow strip called the "Chicken's Neck." Assam shares international borders with Bhutan and Bangladesh. more...

National name:Assam
Land Area:78,438 sq. km
Capital City:Dispur
Population:26,638,407 (2004)
Language:Assamese, Bodo, Karb
iChief Minister:Tarun Gogoi
Governor:Ajai Singh

History of Assam

Assam and adjoining regions have evidence of human settlement from all periods of the Stone ages. That the known hills settlements belonged to earlier periods may suggest that the valleys were populated later, or it may reflect sampling bias due to mountainous areas being more likely to remain less disturbed over long stretches of time.

The earliest ruler according to legend was a mlechchha (non-Aryan) ruler named Mahiranga (sanskritized form of the Tibeto-Burman name Mairang). He was followed by others in his line: Hatakasura, Sambarasura, Ratnasura and Ghatakasura. Naraka removed this line of rulers and established his own dynasty. Historians consider Naraka's victory over the mlechchha rulers to mark the beginning of sanskritization in this region. more...

Overview of Assam 's Economy

Total Forest Area:84321.26 Sq.Kms
Ratio of urban population (2001):12.72%
Literacy Rate :64.28%
Net Domestic Product (Rs. million at current prices in 1992-93) :Rs. 117360 mln (1992-93, At current prices)
Per Capita Income (Rs. at current prices in 1992-93) :Rs. 5056 (1992-93, At current prices)
No. of Districts :23
Cities :Guwahati, Dispur, Dibrugarh, Jorhat

Also Read: A Brief insight in The Economy of Assam | Demographics of Assam | Origin of name | Destinations and Placeses to see in Assam

Climate, Vegetation and Fauna

Climate: Pleasant sub-alpine climate prevails in the hills.The plains however experience tropical climate...more

Facts for Travellers

Visa:The visa must be obtained abroad from an Indian Mission. If planning to visit a neighboring country...more
Time Zone: IST (UTC +5:30)
Calling Code : 3748

Geography Assam

T-shaped, the state consists of the northern Brahmaputra valley, the middle Karbi and Cachar hills and the southern Barak Valley. It experiences heavy rainfall between March and September, with very high humidity in the summer months. The temperatures are generally mild, never extreme during any season. Assam is very rich in vegetation, forests and wildlife. Lumber was once a lucrative business, until it was declared illegal by the Supreme Court of India. The region also has a number of reserved forests, and one of them, Kaziranga, is the home of the rare Indian Rhinoceros. The state produces a lot of Bamboo, although the bamboo industry is still nascent. The wildlife, forests and flora, rivers and waterways, have great natural beauty, providing growth in tourism.

High rainfall, deforestation, and other factors have resulted in annual floods that cause widespread loss of life, livelihood and property. An earthquake prone region, Assam has experienced two large earthquakes: 1897 (8.1 on the Richter scale) and 1950 (8.6). Assam is divided into 23 districts: Barpeta, Bongaigaon, Cachar, Darrang, Dhemaji, Dhubri, Dibrugarh, Goalpara, Golaghat, Hailakandi, Jorhat, Kamrup, Karbi Anglong, Karimganj, Kokrajhar, Lakhimpur, Marigaon, Nagaon, Nalbari, North Cachar Hills, Sibsagar, Sonitpur, and Tinsukia.

Also Read:Religion in Assam | Music of Assam | Culture of Assam | Languages of Assam | Transportation in Assam

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Travel Chronicle: Asia Destination Guide